Contract Act 1872: Meaning, Elements of Valid Contracts

Law of Contracts

India is a democratic country and has laws that every Indian citizen needs to follow. India’s constitution is the highest and foremost law of India, and it is responsible for framing the fundamental political principles, procedures, powers, rights, and duties of the government. The figure of India imparts constitutional supremacy.

It is not parliamentary supremacy because these political rules and laws were not made in the parliament. India celebrates 26the January as Republic Day because, on this day, constitutions were made which every Indian citizen has been given their rules, rights, and powers as well. If we talk about the World’s largest institution, then it is sure Indian’s constitution. India’s constitution was declared as the world’s largest constitution.

There are 395 articles in 22 parts and eight schedules, mainly 145000 words, making the most immense and active co institutions from all over the world.

Indian Contract Act 1872

As an Indian, you must be knowing the importance of the law and democracy of India. India is a republic country, and on 26th January, these laws were framed. Indian contract act and validates the contracts between the several parties. If we talk about the contract act, then the contract act is the central law that mainly regulates and oversees business and regulates the case of a deal or an agreement. Contract act is a widely acceptable law by many people who are in the field of business. Every business owner or related member needed to follow the Contract act.

To know about Contract Act 1872, you need to learn more about the Act. The Indian Contract Act, 1872 mainly describes the term or word ‘Contract’ under section 2 (h) as the agreement enforceable by the law. In Indian Contract Act is an agreement and enforceable by the land laws.

Contract Act

Contract act is a word of enforceable and agreement by law. To know clearly about the Contract Act, you need to know about the deal and promise to understand the real concept of Contract.

● Agreement

With section 2 (e), this Act mainly describes the term agreements and sets the rules that every promise and every set of the pledges form the consideration for one another. The Contract act defines the term agreement, and there is some ambiguity in the description of the term promise.

● Promise

The Act, as mentioned in section 2(b), describes the term Promise and stated that ‘ when the person to whom the proposal is made signifies his assent to that.’ This proposal becomes accepted and becomes a promise.

Simply the agreement is the accepted praise and accepts every party involved in the deal affected by it. According to the definitions, it was stated that to establish or draft the Contract. You need to take some steps.

Make sure to mention the definition of the required person to whom that proposal is made, and the person has to be able to know and understand every aspect of that proposal for clarity. The agreement includes the acceptance of the offer.

●  Enforceable

Now another thing to understand well is the aspect of enforceability. This term defines as the present in the Act to have a contract for any agreement.

Suppose you have to sell a car for almost 4,00,000 bucks to—your friends. But later on, he refused to give your payment. So, to protect those circumstances, a Contract is crucial. In contrast, there will be listed the amount with the agreement from both sides. Then no one can deny the fact that your friends have to give 4,00,000 bucks back to you in any case.

When two people agree on something, then it becomes an agreement, and to make a contract, the deal has to be legally enforceable as per the definition of the Contract Act. So it is compulsory to give rise to or lead to the legal obligation to change the agreement as mentioned in the Contract Act 1872.

What Is A Contract?

As mentioned above about the Contract, you must be wondering what it is contracting. The Contract is a legal document where two people’s accepted promise is listed with their agreements. A contract is an acceptable document or agreement understood by the law, and the law legally describes it. A Contract is a legal document that bestows upon the party’s special rights and obligations that are defined and agreed on the matter of the Contract.

Law of Contracts

Law of Contract defines Contract with an agreement enforceable by law. This contract law provides personal rights, imposes obligations. The law is mainly based on the conception which the parties have by a compact and have made legal rights and obligations for the people.

There is various Contract Law for personal rights and obligation.

● Validity & formation of a Contract:

As per the law, this Contract states that ‘an agreement creating and defining the obligations between two or more agreement parties.’ This contract act established for the people’s right and includes the negotiation procedure where the parties can apply their creative minds to makeover for the acceptance to make a Contract.

●  Standard Form Contracts:

This Contract has been implemented in recent times to face the issue. This Act provides a unique opportunity for the company to exploit the individual’s weakness and allow to impose and go to the extent of exempting the company from liability, which is under Contract.

Contract Act, 1872

This Act mainly provides the basic structure of the law of Contract. This Contract act is aimed to highlight the provision regarding liquidated damages in the case of the breach of the Contract.


This Contract Act was established for the right of the people for any specific circumstances. Whether it includes agreement business, family, property, and several others, these contract acts were implemented to protect the law and fight against the two parties and provide a clear vision to eliminate any confusion. The Contract is a legal document that is handled legally, and no one has the power to deny the agreement promise if listed on that Contract.

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